Life Issues

Pew study: People see stronger conflict between rich and poor rather than between immigrants and native born

Pew study: People see stronger conflict between rich and poor rather than between immigrants and native born

LatinaLista — Maybe it's because of the Occupy Wall Street protests or because it's become one of the platforms in the 2012 election that more people are conscious of a national class conflict between the have's and the have-nots. Whatever the reason, according to a new Pew Social & Demographic Trends study, more than 60 percent of people see a conflict between the rich and the poor.

Among the three major groups — white, black and Latino — whites are the largest group to feel this way. But they didn't always. In 2009, only 43 percent of whites felt such a conflict existed; in 2011, it stood at 65 percent. Blacks too increasingly are sensing conflict going from 66 percent in 2009 to 74 percent in 2011, a difference of 8 points. Latinos seemed to be the least surprised at any such news with only a six percentage point spread between 2009 and 2011 (55-61).

Over 2,000 interviews were conducted in December 2011 where people shared their feelings about social divisions in the country. The perception that there is a strong conflict between rich and poor now overshadows the traditional conflict people perceived happening between immigrants and the native born.

About six-in-ten (62%) say there are strong conflicts between immigrants and the native born, including 24% who characterize these disagreements as “very strong.”

That represents a major change from the Pew Research Center survey conducted in 2009. At that time, a larger share of Americans believed that there were more strong conflicts between immigrants and the native born than between rich and poor people (55% vs. 47%). Today, even though perceptions of disagreements between immigrants and the native born have increased by 7 percentage points in the past two years, this social divide now ranks behind rich-poor conflicts in the public’s hierarchy of social flashpoints.

The study also showed that the perception of conflict between the rich and the poor also depends on income, age and political affiliation.

  • Moreover, the perceptions of class conflicts have grown in virtual lock step across all income groups since 2009, rising by 17 percentage points among those earning less than $20,000 and by 18 points among those making $75,000 or more.
  • More than seven-in-ten (71%) of young adults, ages 18-34, say there are major disagreements between the most and least affluent, a 17 percentage point increase since 2009.
  • Among those ages 35 to 49, more than six-in-ten (64%) see serious class conflicts.
  • Nearly three-quarters of self-described Democrats (73%) say there are serious class conflicts, an 18 percentage point increase over those who said that in 2009. The increase among Republicans was about as large (17 percentage points); currently a majority of GOP partisans see serious conflicts between rich and poor.
  • Views of class conflicts increased the most among political independents, swelling by 23 percentage points to 68% in the current survey.
  • Similarly, perceptions of class conflict among ideological liberals increased by 23 percentage points to 79% in the past two years while rising less quickly among conservatives (15 points) or moderates (18 points).
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