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Latina Lista: News from the Latinx perspective > Culture > Books > Mainstream children’s book publishers do a sad, sad job meeting the needs of Latino readers

Mainstream children’s book publishers do a sad, sad job meeting the needs of Latino readers

LatinaLista — The perception that there are a lot of Latino children running and skipping on playgrounds across the country is no mirage. According to the Pew Hispanic Center, the number of Latino students in the nation’s public schools nearly doubled from 1990 to 2006.

Currently, according to Childstats.gov, Latino children (0-17) account for 24 percent of the child population; non-Hispanic whites are at 54 percent and Blacks stand at 15 percent, with Asians trailing at 5 percent.

The U.S. Census Bureau projects that the Latino school-age population will increase by 166 percent by 2050. That means that in 2050, there will be more school-age Latino children than school-age non-Hispanic white children. In a few large cities across the country, that have sizable Latino populations, Latino children already are the majority in the public schools.

Yet, why haven’t these facts resonated with the one industry that is supposed to know children the best but has done the worst job of reflecting today’s playground reality — mainstream children’s book publishers?

There may be a simple reason: About 75 percent of children’s book buyers are white.

Since most people tend to stay within their own comfort zones, it makes sense that these buyers would look for books that appeal to their childhood memories and experiences, but this is only half of the story.

According to Suzanne Morgan Williams in an article titled “Supporting Diversity” published in the March/April Bulletin of the Society for Children’s Book Writers and Illustrators, “more than 90 percent of children’s/YA books published in the US in 2010 were by white authors and illustrators and about white protagonists.”

Editorial Directo of Tu Books, an imprint of Lee & Low, Stacy Whitman, supplies statistics that show the breakdown of author ethnicities as the following:

  • 93% White
  • 2% Hispanic of any race
  • 2.7% Non-hispanic black
  • 2.2% Asian
  • .004% Native American

The imbalance is troubling and one has to wonder why it doesn’t trouble the children’s book publishing industry. Again, the reason is simple: This time, it’s economics.

The majority of kids lining up at cash registers in book stores or parents buying online are white. It makes good business sense to publish books that reflect the lives of the majority of your buyers but who is to say that in this multi-cultural nation that children wouldn’t want to read about children who look like their classmates or neighbors?

On the flip side, at a time when the nation is actively encouraging schools and communities to raise their literacy rates among children considered at-risk, it’s common sense that these same children would have more enthusiasm to read if they saw more of their experiences reflected in the books on their school and library shelves.

It’s an enthusiasm that needs to be nurtured since a good too many of at-risk students are low-income and their access to books is severely limited. On her blog, Stacy Whitman supplies the statistic that reads: “In middle income neighborhoods, there are 13 books per child; In lower income neighborhoods, there are 355 children per book.”

Getting these children excited about reading, when the window of opportunity is so small for a lot of them, means they should be reading books with characters that either look like them, live like them, eat the same foods, practice the same customs, etc.

It’s a concern that is growing among some children’s book publisher professionals. So much so, that a special committee was formed last fall, under the auspices of the Children’s Book Council, called the CBC Diversity Committee.

According to their website, their mission is:

…dedicated to increasing the diversity of voices and experiences contributing to children’s literature. To create this change, the Committee strives to build awareness that the nature of our society must be represented within the children’s publishing industry.

We endeavor to encourage diversity of race, gender, geographical origin, sexual orientation, and class among both the creators of and the topics addressed by children’s literature. We strive for a more diverse range of employees working within the industry, of authors and illustrators creating inspiring content, and of characters depicted in children’s literature.

This week, nationally known as Children’s Book Week, is a perfect opportunity for children to not only celebrate books and literacy but learn that every child’s story equally deserves to be opened, shared — and read.

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Comment(8)

  • Andrea Merida
    May 9, 2012 at 8:52 pm

    So let’s write our own.

  • Vicky Martinez
    May 9, 2012 at 8:52 pm

    love it Andrea!

  • Graciela Tiscareno-Sato
    May 9, 2012 at 8:53 pm

    I’m with Andrea, writing our own. 1st book out now just selected to become documentary. Look for our first children’s book this November, in time for Veterans Day.

  • Latina Lista
    May 9, 2012 at 8:53 pm

    I think it’s important to recognize that there are some great children’s book publishers like Arte Publico, Cinco Puntos, Lorito, etc but the mainstream publishers have more clout in getting their authors books out. Yet, in these days of online publishing that is probably changing too.

  • Andrea Merida
    May 9, 2012 at 8:53 pm

    Wish Latina Lista could do a periodic feature on these publishers. I’ve never heard of them.

  • Latina Lista
    May 9, 2012 at 8:53 pm

    Good idea!

  • Graciela Tiscareno-Sato
    May 10, 2012 at 2:06 am

    Trust me, it’s all changing and CLOUT is now defined as marketing savvy and social media savvy. With our first book published and launched at an event at Stanford University last summer, we were able to MARKET our way into a national distribution agreement with Baker & Taylor, same as the big boys. Now we get orders from schools and libraries, just like the big boys. 😉 The book became an Amazon multicultural bestseller earlier this year…yep, it’s all changing. The key is to know we indie publishers exist and support our work. Google “Latinnovating” and tell me if it doesn’t appear every bit as well marketed as anything coming out of NYC. 🙂 I support the idea of featuring these types of publishers.

  • bea1223
    September 16, 2012 at 8:30 pm

    Great article ! Thank you for confirming these beliefs as a Latina educator who along with my husband a Latino engineer have just launched our own publishing company: ENGTAS Books in San Antonio, Texas.
     
     Our first children’s book  main character is a Latina puppy named: Cocoa Canales-Ramirez along with other latina characters: Ursula, Ireland Amelia, Brandy Michelle and Brianna. We hope that latino children everywhere will be able to identify with Cocoa’s life experiences. However, we are promoting the learning of STEM education. As a nation we have to encourage our Latino population at an early age to become the innovators of tomorrow.  Cocoa Canales will be visiting schools to promote the book. We have created a learning guide to facilitate parents and educators in helping students think scientifically.
    Check out the book @ http://www.cocoasmission.com to be released in October with a Spanish translation coming out in 2013 .
     
     
     

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